Identify the type of policy intervention(s) to tackle the causes of the policy problem.
The policy challenges arising from public health nutrition (PHN) and environmental sustainability problems are unprecedented. Dietary behaviours contribute to 1.4 billion people globally being overweight and obese (1) and are implicated in fourteen of the top twenty determinants of global deaths. (2) Along with an increasing population size, dietary behaviours also place significant demands on the environment to provide a sufficient food supply. Relatedly, diminishing environmental resources (3) and climate change threaten global food and nutrition security (4) with reportedly 868 million people currently undernourished. (5) These PHN and environmental sustainability problems are interconnected and share common dietary causes and solutions – a healthy diet is largely a sustainable diet. (6–12) According to the FAO, sustainable diets are ‘those diets with low environmental impacts which contribute to food and nutrition security and to healthy life for present and future generations. Sustainable diets are protective and respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems, culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources’. (13)”
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“Public policy, as well as community and industry actions are required to achieve healthy and sustainable diets”
This food policy topic is now recognised as an urgent priority by local, state, national and international food policy agencies. This assignment is about food policy formulation and particularly a policy to promote healthy and sustainable diets.
Whereas the focus for this assignment is a critical analysis for making a food policy (i.e. a prospective analysis), the focus for assignment 2 is a critical analysis of how and why a food policy was made (i.e. a retrospective analysis).
The assessment will be based on your ability to demonstrate application of the knowledge and skills covered in the unit. This assignment relates to learnings in modules 1–3, and is designed to assess students against Unit Learning Outcomes 1–4.
Specifically, the assignment will be marked according to the following criteria (adapt these to structure the sub-headings in your report):
Description of the evidence for the food policy problem of unhealthy and unsustainable diets (